I cannot tell you what Bharat is by referring to the etymology of the word. If you ask me what is love, it would be foolish of me to say, “L-O means this, V means this, E means this.” If you ask me what is love, I will wait for you to taste love, and in that movement, when you would be in love, I will say, that is love.
So, if you ask me what is Bharat, I will wait for you to look at the snow-capped Himalayas, and then when your eyes would be shining with wonderment, I will say, that is Bharat. Or when you would be reading the Upanishads, and your mind would suddenly be getting lighter and your face would have a certain radiance, and you would have felt for yourself deeply in your heart what it means to say pūrṇamadaḥ pūrṇamidaṃ (this is full, that is full), then I will say, that, that is Bharat.
Otherwise, what does ‘Bha’ and ‘rat’ and all these mean? Nothing.